• 50 peer-reviewed publications

  • 3578 citations; h-index: 28

  • Most cited paper: Darling & Côté Ecology Letters 2008 (514 citations)


McClanahan TR, Darling ES, Maina JM, Muthiga N, D’agata S, Jupiter S, Arthur R, SK Wilson, Mangubhai S,
Nand Y, Ussi AM, Humphries AT, Patankar VJ, Guillaume MMM, Keith SA, Sheddrawi G, Julius P, Grimsditch G, and J Ndagala. 2019. Temperature patterns and mechanisms influencing coral bleaching during the 2016 El Niño.
In press, Nature Climate Change.

Darling ES, McClanahan TR, Maina JM, Gurney GA, Graham NAJ, Januchowski-Hartley F, Cinner JE, Mora C, Hicks CC, Maire E, Puotinen M, Skirving WJ, Adjeroud M, Ahmadia G, Arthur R, Bauman A, Beger M, Berumen M, Bigot L, Bouwmeester J, Brenier A, Bridge T, Brown E, Campbell S, Cannon S, Cauvin B, Chen AC, Claudet J, Denis V, Donner S, Estradivari, Fadli N, Feary D, Fenner D, Fox H, Franklin E, Friedlander A, Gilmour J, Goiran C, Guest J, Hobbs J, Hoey A, Houk P, Johnson S, Jupiter S, Kayal M, Kuo C, Lamb J, Lee M, Low J, Muthiga N, Muttaqin E, Nand Y, Nash K, Nedlic O, Pandolfi J, Pardede S, Patankar V, Penin L, Ribas-Deulofeu L, Richards Z, Roberts TE, Rodgers K, Safuan C, Sala E, Shedrawi G, Sin TM, Smallhorn-West P, Smith JE, Sommer B, Steinberg PD, Sutthacheep M, Tan CHJ, Williams GJ, Wilson S, Yeemin T, Bruno JF, Fortin MJ, Krkosek M and D Mouillot. 2019. Social-environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene.
In press, Nature Ecology and Evolution. *Media coverage by CNN, Forbes, Radio Australia, and Oceanographic Magazine.

Brandl SJ, Rasher DB, Côté IM, Casey JM, Darling ES, Lefcheck, J. and JE Duffy. 2019. Functioning coral reefs for the future: eight core processes and the influence of biodiversity. In press, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.

Wenger A, Ahmadia G, Alvarez- Romero J, Barnes M, Blythe J, Brodie J, Day J, Fox, H, Gill D, Gomez NA, Gurney G, Holmes K, Jupiter S, Lamb J, Mangubhai S, Matthews E, Matthews K, Pressey B, Teneva L, Tewfik A, Wells S and ES Darling. 2019. Coral reef conservation solutionscape white paper. MarXiv, https://marxiv.org/yd4zg/

Mahajan S, Glew L, Rieder E, Ahmadia G, Darling ES, Fox H, Mascia M and M McKinnon. Systems thinking for planning and evaluating conservation interventions. 2019. Conservation Science and Practice 1: e44.

Fox H*, Harris J*, Darling ES, Ahmadia G, Estradiveri and T Razak. Rebuilding coral reefs: success (and failure) after 14 years of low-tech, low-effort restoration in Komodo National Park, Indonesia. 2019. Restoration Ecology, in press. *Shared first author

D’Aloia, CC, Naujokaitis-Lewis I, Blackford C, Chung C, Curtis J, Darling ES, Guichard F, Leroux S, Martensen AC, Rayfield B, Sunday J, Xuereb A and MJ Fortin. 2019. Coupled networks of permanent protected areas and dynamic conservation areas for biodiversity conservation under climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 27.


Darling ES and Côté IM. 2018. Seeking resilience in marine ecosystems. Science 359: 986-7

Villon S, Mouillot D, Chaumont M, Darling ES, Subsol G, Claverie T and S Villéger. 2018. A Deep Learning method for accurate and fast identification of coral reef fishes from underwater videos. Ecological Informatics 48: 238-244.

Côté IM and ES Darling. 2018 Scientists on Twitter: Preaching to the choir or singing from the rooftops? FACETS 3: 682-694.  *Covered by Science Magazine

Beyer HL, Kennedy EV, Beger M, Chen CA, Cinner J, Darling ES, Eakin CM, Gates R, Heron SF, Knowlton N, Obura D, Palumbi SR, Possingham HP, Puotinen M, Runting RK, Skirving W, Spalding M, Wilson K, Wood S, Veron JE and O Hoegh-Guldberg. Risk-sensitive planning for conserving coral reefs under rapid climate change. In press, Conservation Letters.

Wong JSY, Chang YKS, Ng L, Tun KPP, Darling ES and D Huang. 2018. Comparing patterns of coral taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity in Singapore. Coral Reefs 37:737-750.   http://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-018-1698-6

Ahmadia G, Darling ES Andradi-Brown D, Barnes M, Estradivari, Gill D, Glew L, Gress E, Gurney G, Horigue V, Jakub R, Mangubhai S, Valles H and A Wenger. 2018. Recruit fresh talent for coral reefs. Nature 557: 492.

Zinke J, Gilmour JP, Fisher R, Puotinen M, Maina J, Darling ES, Stat M, Richards Z, McClanahan TR, Beger M, Moore C, Graham NAJ, Feng M, Hobbs J-P A, Evans SN, Field S, Shedrawi G, Babcock R and SK Wilson. 2018. Gradients of disturbance and environmental conditions shape coral community structure for south-eastern Indian Ocean reefs. Diversity and Distributions 24: 605-620. 


Darling ES and S D’agata. 2017. Coral Reefs: Fishing for Sustainability. Current Biology 27: R57-R76.      

Darling ES, Graham NAJ, Januchowski-Hartley FA, Nash KL, Pratchett MS and SK Wilson. 2017. Relationships between structural complexity, coral traits and reef fish assemblages. Coral Reefs, in press.

Mascia MB, Fox HE, Glew L, Ahmadia GN, Agrawal A, Barnes M, Basurto X, Craigie I, Darling ES, Geldmann J, Gill D, Holst S, Jensen OP, Lester SE, McConney P, Mumby PJ, Nenadovic M, Parks JE, Pomeroy RS and AT White. 2017. A Novel Framework for Analyzing Conservation Impacts: Evaluation, Theory, and Marine Protected Areas. Annals of the New York Academic of Sciences:Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology 1399: 93-117.

Gill DA, Mascia MB, Ahmadia A, Glew L, Leste SE, Barnes M, Craigie I, Darling ES, Free C, Geldmann J, Holst S, Jensen O, White A, Basurto X, Coad L, Gates R, Guannel G, Mumby P, Thomas H, Whitmee S, Woodley S and HE Fox. 2017. Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally. Nature doi:10.1038/nature21708.        

Webster MS, Colton MA, Darling ES, Armstrong J, Pinsky ML, Knowlton N and DE Schindler. 2017. Who Should Pick the Winners of Climate Change? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 167-173.      


Madin JS, Hoogenboom M, Connolly S, Darling ES, Falster D, Huang D, Keith S, Mizerek T, Pandolfi JM, Putnam H, Baird AH. 2016. A trait-based approach to advance coral reef science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, in press. 

Madin JS, Anderson K, Andreason M, Bridge T, Cairns S, Connolly S, Darling ES, Diaz M, Falster D, Franklin E, Gates R, Hoogenboom M, Huang D, Keith S, Kosnik M, Kuo C-Y, Lough J, Lovelock C, Luiz O, Martinelli J, Mizerek T, Pandolfi J, Pochon X, Putnam H, Pratchett M, Roberts E, Stat M, Wallace C, Widman E and A Baird. 2016. The Coral Trait Database, a curated database of trait information for coral species from the global oceans. Scientific Data 3: 160017.    

Côté IM, Darling ES and C Brown. 2016. Interactions among ecosystem stressors and their importance in conservation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283: 20152592.

Watson JEM, Darling ES, Venter O, Maron M, Walston J, Possingham HP, Dudley N, Hockings M, Barnes M and TM Brooks. 2016. Bolder science now needed for protected areas. In press, Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12645


Rochman, CM, Kross SM, Armstrong JB, Bogan MT, Darling ES, Green SJ, Smyth AR and D Veríssimo. 2015. Scientific evidence supports a ban on microbeads. Environmental Science and Technology. DOI10.1021/acs.est.5b03909  *Supports a policy brief from the Society for Conservation Biology

Green SJ, Armstrong JA, Bogan M, Darling ES, Kross S, Rochman C, Smyth A and D Verrissimo. 2015. Conservation needs diverse values, approaches and practitioners. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12204

Leenhardt P, Teneva L, Kininmouth S, Smith N, Landmead O, Darling ES, Claudet J. 2015. Challenges for making marine social-ecological science matter. Accepted, Ocean and Coastal Management. 

Darling ES and JR Rummer. 2015. Strategically Using Social Media. In Success Strategies from Women in Science (eds. P Pritchard and C Grant). Elsevier, pp. 255-298.

Darling ES. 2015. Use of double-blind review to increase author diversity. Conservation Biology 29: 297-299. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12333
* Media: Nature News, “Journals weigh up double-blind peer review” 15 July 2014


Darling ES. 2014. Assessing the effect of marine reserves on increase household food security in Kenyan fishing communities. In press, PLOS ONE 9: e113614.

Darling ES. 2014. Conserve climate refugia. In “A to-do list for the world’s parks”. Nature 515: 28-30.

Tingley MW, Darling ES and DS Wilcove. 2014. The show must go on: fine- and coarse-filter conservation strategies in a time of climate change. The Year in Ecology and Conservation 1322: 92-109. [doi] [pdf]

Côté IM, Darling ES, Cruz LM, Smith NS, Green SJ, Curtis-Quick J, Akins L and C Layman. 2014. What doesn’t kill you makes you wary?  Effect of repeated culling on the behaviour of an invasive predator. PLOS ONE 9: e94248. [doi]
 *Media: Conservation Magazine, “Does hunting invasive species make them harder to hunt?” 8 April 2014
 *Media: Science News, “Lionfish grow wary after culling” 11 April 2014

McClanahan TR, Ateweberhan M, Darling ES, Graham NAJ and N Muthiga. 2014. Biogeography and change among regional coral communities across the Western Indian Ocean. PLOS ONE 9: e93385. [doi]

McClanahan TR, Graham NAJ and ES Darling. 2014. Coral reefs in a crystal ball: predicting the future from the vulnerability of corals and reef fishes to multiple stressors. Current Opinion in Sustainability and Environmental Science 7: 50-64. [doi] [pdf]

Parsons ECM, Shiffman DS, Darling ES, Spillman N and AJ Wright. 2014. Editorial: How Twitter literacy can benefit conservation scientists. Conservation Biology 28: 299-301. [doi] [pdf]


Cinner JE, Huchery C, Darling ES, Humphries AT, Graham NAJ, Hicks CC, Marshall N and TR McClanahan. 2013. Evaluating social and ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climate change. PLOS ONE 8: e74321.

Darling ES, D Shiffman, Côté IM and J Drew. 2013. The role of Twitter in the lifecycle of a scientific publication. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 6: 32-43. [pdf]

Darling ES, TR McClanahan and IM Côté. 2013. Life histories predict coral community disassembly under multiple stressors. Global Change Biology 19: 1930-1940. [pdf]

Favaro B, Braun DC, Earth2Ocean Research Derby. 2013. The ‘Research Derby’: A pressure cooker for creative and collaborative science. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 6: 40-46.

Cinner JE, McClanahan TR, Wamukota A, Darling ES, Humphries AT, Hicks CC, Huchery C, Marshall N, Hempson T, Graham NAJ, Bodin O, Daw T and E Allison. 2013. Social-ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climate shocks. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1082. Rome, FAO. 63 pp. [pdf]

Schultz J, Darling ES and IM Côté. 2013. What is an endangered species worth? Threshold costs for protecting imperiled fishes in Canada. Marine Policy 42: 125-132. [pdf]

Darling ES and IM Côté. 2013. Vulnerability of Coral Reefs. In Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources. Elsevier Inc., Academic Press, 259–270. [pdf]


Phillis CC*, O’Regan SM*, Green SJ*, Bruce JEB*, Anderson SC, Linton JN, Earth2Ocean Research Derby and B Favaro. 2012. Multiple pathways to conservation success. Conservation Letters. Early view online http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00294.x. *Authors contributed equally, listed in reverse alphabetical order

Darling ES, Alvarez-Filip L, Oliver TA, McClanahan TR and IM Côté. 2012. Evaluating life-history strategies of reef corals from species traits. Ecology Letters 15:  1378-1386. [pdf]
*Selected by Faculty of 100

McClanahan TR, Donner SD, Maynard JA, MacNeil MA, Graham NAJ, Maina JM, Baker AC, Alemu JB, Beger M, Campbell SJ, Darling ES, Eakin CM, Heron SF, Jupiter SD, Lundquist CJ, McLeod E, Mumby PJ, Paddack MJ, Selig ER and R van Woesik. 2012. Prioritizing key resilience indicators to support coral reef management in a changing climate. PLOS ONE, 8, e42884. [pdf]

Kulbicki M, Beets J, Chabanet P, Cure K, Darling ES, Floeter S, Galzin R, Green A, Harmelin-Vivien M, Hixon M, Letourneur Y, Lison de Loma T, McClanahan T, McIlwain J, MouTham G, Myers R,  O’Leary JK, Planes S, Vigliola L, Wantiez L. 2012. Distributions of Indo-Pacific lionfishes Pterois spp. in their native ranges: implications for the Atlantic invasion. Marine Ecology Progress Series 446: 189-205. [pdf] 


Darling ES, Green SJ, O’Leary JK and IM Côté. 2011. Indo-Pacific lionfish are larger and more abundant on invaded reefs: a comparison on Kenyan and Bahamian lionfish populations. Biological Invasions 13: 2045-2051. [pdf] 

Darling ES and SCH Barrett. 2011. Sit-and-wait pollination in the spring flowering woodland plant, Trillium grandiflorum. Journal of Pollination Ecology 8: e1000438. [pdf]


Côté IM and ES Darling. 2010. Rethinking Ecosystem Resilience in the Face of Climate Change. PLOS Biology 8: e1000438. [pdf] 

Darling ES, McClanahan TR and IM Côté. 2010. Combined effects of two stressors on Kenyan coral reefs are additive or antagonistic, not synergistic. Conservation Letters 3: 122-130. [pdf]


Darling ES and IM Côté. 2008. Quantifying the evidence for ecological synergies. Ecology Letters 11: 1278-1286. [pdf]

McClanahan TR, Hicks CC and ES Darling. 2008. Fishing pressure, productivity and competition for resources: Malthusian overexploitation and efforts to overcome it on Kenyan coral reefs. Ecological Applications 18: 1516-1529. [pdf] 

Darling E, Samis KE and CG Eckert. 2008. Increased seed dispersal towards geographic range limits in a Pacific coast dune plant. New Phytologist 178:424-435. [pdf]  *Selected for Editorial Commentary Highlight in New Phytologist